Dissemination of child abuse clinical decision support: Moving beyond a single electronic health record

  • Authors
  • David A. Feldstein
  • Emily Heineman
  • Linda Park
  • Rachel Berger
  • Safiya Richardson
  • Sundas Khan
  • Thomas McGinn
  • Isabel Barata
  • Joshua Ross
  • Dana M. Kaplan
  • Barbara Knox
  • Amanda Palm
  • Francesca Bullaro
  • Nicholas Kuehnel
  • Benjamin Eithun
  • Published
  • International Journal of Medical Informatics

Abstract

Background

Child maltreatment is a leading cause of pediatric morbidity and mortality. We previously reported on development and implementation of a child abuse clinical decision support system (CA-CDSS) in the Cerner electronic health record (EHR). Our objective was to develop a CA-CDSS in two different EHRs.

Methods

Using the CA-CDSS in Cerner as a template, CA-CDSSs were developed for use in four hospitals in the Northwell Health system who use Allscripts and two hospitals in the University of Wisconsin health system who use Epic. Each system had a combination of triggers, alerts and child abuse-specific order sets. Usability evaluation was done prior to launch of the CA-CDSS.

Results

Over an 18-month period, a CA-CDSS was embedded into Epic and Allscripts at two hospital systems. The CA-CDSSs vary significantly from each other in terms of the type of triggers which were able to be used, the type of alert, the ability of the alert to link directly to child abuse-specific order sets and the order sets themselves.

Conclusions

Dissemination of CA-CDSS from one EHR into the EHR in other health care systems is possible but time-consuming and needs to be adapted to the strengths and limitations of the specific EHR. Site-specific usability evaluation, buy-in of multiple stakeholder groups and significant information technology support are needed. These barriers limit scalability and widespread dissemination of CA-CDSS.

  • Keywords
  • Child Abuse
  • Child maltreatment
  • Clinical Decision Support
  • Electronic Health Record
  • Physical Abuse
  • Focus
  • Child Abuse​
  • Clinical Decision Support​
  • User Experience​