Hospitalized COVID-19 patients, particularly those with high-risk features, are at risk for venous and arterial thromboembolic events for approximately 30 days or more after hospital discharge. Extended post-hospital discharge thromboprophylaxis has potential to reduce this risk.
Recent cohort, registry, and randomized trial data on the topic of extended post-discharge thromboprophylaxis in COVID-19 inpatients are reviewed, and key patient subgroups at high thrombotic risk are highlighted, with antithrombotic guidelines on the topic discussed.
COVID-19 inpatients with cardiovascular risk factors, advanced age, intensive care unit stay, or an IMPROVE VTE score of 4 or more or a score of 2 or 3 plus elevated D-dimers (> twice the upper limit of normal) or an IMPROVE-DD VTE score of ≥4 are at high thrombotic risk in the post-discharge period. These high-risk patient subgroups benefit from extended post-discharge thromboprophylaxis, specifically with rivaroxaban 10 mg daily for 35 days. Recent NIH and ISTH guidelines recommend or suggest this approach. Results from other clinical trials are pending.