Healthcare Provider Perceptions of Clinical Prediction Rules

Examines internal medicine and emergency medicine provider perceptions of usefulness of specific clinical prediction rules

  • Authors
  • Devin M. Mann
  • Lauren McCullagh
  • Myriam Kline
  • Safiya Richardson
  • Sundas Khan
  • Thomas McGinn



To examine internal medicine and emergency medicine healthcare provider perceptions of usefulness of specific clinical prediction rules.


The study took place in two academic medical centers. A web-based survey was distributed and completed by participants between 1 January and 31 May 2013.


Medical doctors, doctors of osteopathy or nurse practitioners employed in the internal medicine or emergency medicine departments at either institution.

Primary and secondary outcome measures

The primary outcome was to identify the clinical prediction rules perceived as most useful by healthcare providers specialising in internal medicine and emergency medicine. Secondary outcomes included comparing usefulness scores of specific clinical prediction rules based on provider specialty, and evaluating associations between usefulness scores and perceived characteristics of these clinical prediction rules.


Of the 401 healthcare providers asked to participate, a total of 263 (66%), completed the survey. The CHADS2 score was chosen by most internal medicine providers (72%), and Pulmonary Embolism Rule-Out Criteria (PERC) score by most emergency medicine providers (45%), as one of the top three most useful from a list of 24 clinical prediction rules. Emergency medicine providers rated their top three significantly more positively, compared with internal medicine providers, as having a better fit into their workflow (p=0.004), helping more with decision-making (p=0.037), better fitting into their thought process when diagnosing patients (p=0.001) and overall, on a 10-point scale, more useful (p=0.009). For all providers, the perceived qualities of useful at point of care, helps with decision making, saves time diagnosing, fits into thought process, and should be the standard of clinical care correlated highly (≥0.65) with overall 10-point usefulness scores.

Conclusions: Healthcare providers describe clear preferences for certain clinical prediction rules, based on medical specialty.